Capturing the Acid-base Reactions in Alcohol
A new research, affiliated with UNIST has been featured as a ‘Hot Article’ on the front cover of the March issue of Chemistry: A European Journal. This study has been regarded as “very important” because it offers a new framework for understanding reactions in organic chemistry.
The key finding of this study is the basicity enhancement of an alcohol by hydrogen-bonded clustering, the team reports.
The study was jointly conducted by Prof. Oh-Hoon Kwon of Department of Chemistry at UNIST and Prof. Yousung Jung of Graduate School of Energy, Environment, Water, and Sustainability (EEWS) at KAIST, and three other researchers.
In the study, Prof. Kwon’s team addresses the cooperative role of alcohols, the simplest organic protic compounds, in one of elementary reactions in chemistry, the acid-base reaction, in a quantitative manner.
According to the team, “The motivation of this work, in particular, was the observation that the photoinduced proton transfer can also occur in alcohol with a properly chosen photoacid.”
In the study, the formation of an alkyl oxonium ion, which has long been proposed as a key reaction intermediate in alcohol dehydration, is studied by time-resolved fluorescence quenching of a strong photoacid.
Their results revealed, for the first time, that the collaboration of two alcohol molecules through hydrogen bonding is critical to enhancing their reactivity and promotes the resulting alcohol cluster to form an effective Brønsted base when reacting with an acid as strong as sulfuric acid.
Prof. Kwon states, “This finding addresses, as in water, the cooperative role of protic solvent molecules to facilitate nonaqueous acid–base reactions.” He continues, “However, further systematic investigation on the size variation of clusters formed from diverse alcohols of different basicity and photoacids of different acidity is currently underway.”
Sun-Young Park, Young Min Lee, Kijeong Kwac, Yousung Jung, Oh-Hoon Kwon. “Alcohol Dimer is Requisite to Form an Alkyl Oxonium Ion in the Proton Transfer of a Strong (Photo) Acid to Alcohol”. Chemistry: A European Journal. (2016)
Mar 11, 2016 Public Relations Team